Get Pregnant Naturally

Get Pregnant Naturally
".....Utilizing Traditional Chinese Medicine in Tonifying Energy flow to the Reproductive System Channels In Men and Women for Natural Conception, including Couple Who were diagnosed with Unexplained causes of Infertility...." Chantel M.

Ovarian Cyst Miracle

Ovarian Cyst Miracle
"...Traditional Chinese Medicine Differentiation of Underlined Causes Uniquely Designed to each Patient and Cure accordingly,..." Chantel M.

Friday, April 18, 2014

Herbal Aloe vera and Skin Aging

  Posted by Chantel Martiromo 

Skin aging is one of most visible process which occurs constantly in our skin organ. According to the Clinical Centre of Nis, certain plant extracts may have the ability to scavenge free radicals, to protect the skin matrix through the inhibition of enzymatic degradation, or to promote collagen synthesis in the skin,  affected skin elasticity and tightness(a). Other suggested that free radicals induced domino effects in production of reactive oxygen species, can react with DNA, proteins, and fatty acids, causing oxidative damage and impairment of antioxidant system, leading  injuries damage regulation pathways of skin,  including wrinkles, roughness, appearance of fine lines, lack of elasticity, and de- or hyperpigmentation marks(b).
The degradation of the epidermal and dermal layers of the extracellular matrix (ECM), the non-cellular component present within all tissues and organs, such as UV Exposure, decline of lysosomal/endosomal cathepsin K, S and V activity(c) as well as some environmental factors on skin produces visible signs such as irregular dryness, dark/light pigmentation, sallowness, severe atrophy, telangiectases, premalignant lesions, laxity, leathery appearance and deep wrinkling, etc.,  cause modification of the surface of skin and the physical properties of that lead to skin aging.
Certain chemical ingredients, such as aloin, ginsenoside, curcumin, epicatechin, asiaticoside, ziyuglycoside I, magnolol, gallic acid, hydroxychavicol, hydroxycinnamic acids, hydroxybenzoic acids, etc.  derived from herbs have been found to be intergraded  into some cosmetic products in treating premature aging(d)
Aloe vera
Aloe Vera is species of succulent plant in the genus Aloe, belonging to the Family Xanthorrhoeaceae, native to Sudan. It has become very popular for commercial cultivation due to its health benefits. Aloe vera has been used in herbal medicine in treating many kinds of disease, including wound, burn healing, minor skin infections, sebaceous cysts, diabetes, and elevated of cholesterol, etc. It is also one of many popular herb studied in scientific ways with some conflicted results.
In a study of a total of 30 healthy female subjects over the age of 45 recruited and received 2 different doses (low-dose: 1,200 mg/d, high-dose: 3,600 mg/d) of aloe vera gel supplementation for 90 days, aloe gel significantly improved wrinkles and elasticity in photoaged human skin, with an increase in collagen production in the photoprotected skin and a decrease in the collagen-degrading MMP-1 gene expression(1). In skin condition in the elderly caused by several incurable, but treatable, chronic diseases, researchers suggested that the use of lanolin, aloe vera, and parabens may contribute to  delayed hypersensitivity reaction and aging process(2). In photo aging, combination of sodium selenite and aloin in a certain range of concentration have shown protective effects against ultraviolet radiation induced fibroblast proliferation inhibition, oxidative injury, and decreased collagen synthesis(3).

Chinese Secrets to Fatty Liver and Obesity Reversal
A fabulous E book with Research based & Scientifically proven Efficacy To Treat Fatty Liver Diseases & Achieve Optimal Health & Loose Weight
 
Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
 Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months  


Super foods Library, Eat Yourself Healthy With The Best of the Best Nature Has to Offer

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References
(a) Skin ageing: natural weapons and strategies by Binic I1, Lazarevic V, Ljubenovic M, Mojsa J, Sokolovic D.(PubMed)
(b) Phytoconstituents as photoprotective novel cosmetic formulations by Saraf S1, Kaur CD.(PubMed)
(c) Differential expression of cathepsins K, S and V between young and aged Caucasian women skin epidermis by Sage J1, De Quéral D2, Leblanc-Noblesse E2, Kurfurst R2, Schnebert S2, Perrier E2, Nizard C2, Lalmanach G3, Lecaille F4.(PubMed)
(d) Bioactive compounds from natural resources against skin aging by Mukherjee PK1, Maity N, Nema NK, Sarkar BK.(PubMed)
(1) Dietary Aloe Vera Supplementation Improves Facial Wrinkles and Elasticity and It Increases the Type I Procollagen Gene Expression in Human Skin in vivo by Cho S1, Lee S, Lee MJ, Lee DH, Won CH, Kim SM, Chung JH.(PubMed)
(2) Dry skin in the elderly: complexities of a common problem by White-Chu EF1, Reddy M.(PubMed)
(3) [The protective effects of sodium selenite and aloin against ultraviolet A radiation].

Thursday, April 17, 2014

Vitamin B12 and Ovarian Cancer

 Posted by Chantel Martiromo 

Ovarian cancer is defined as a condition of  abnormal ovarian cells growth of ovaries.  It is one of most common cancer in US, according to the statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2010, an estimated 21,880 women in the United States will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and 13,850 deaths.

Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, a water-soluble vitamin, found abundantly in a variety of foods, such as fish, shellfish, meat, eggs, dairy products, etc. plays an important role in regulating the functions of nervous system and formation of blood.

Epidemiological studies, linking vitamin B12 in reduced risk of ovarian cancer have drawn into inconclusive results. Suggestion of Folate, methionine, vitamin B(6) and vitamin B(12) may influence carcinogenesis due to their roles in the one-carbon metabolism pathway. In a study among 1910 women with ovarian cancer and 1989 controls from a case-control study conducted in eastern Massachusetts and New Hampshire from 1992 to 2008, have indicated that One-carbon metabolism(metabolic network of interdependent biosynthetic pathways) related nutrients,  may lower ovarian cancer risk(1). Nitrosylcobalamin (NO-Cbl), a chemotherapeutic pro-drug derived from vitamin B12 has been found effectively in antiproliferative activity against several human cancer cell lines, including ovarian carcinoma (NIH-OVCAR-3) cells, through induction of apoptosis via a death receptor/caspase-8 pathway(2). In patients with epithelial ovarian cancer under treatment of Paclitaxel (T) and Carboplatin (J) combination chemotherapy, vitamin B12 was effective in relieving symptoms of arthralgia and muscular pain(3).

Taking altogether, vitamin B12 may be effective in reduced riak and treatment of ovarian cancer, but large sample and multu centers studies to validate its effects are necessary. As always, all articles written by Kyle J. Norton are for information & education only, please consult your Doctor & Related field specialist before applying. Over doses of the vitamin may induce symptoms of toxicity, including headache, giddiness and abnormal heart functioning, etc., please make sure to follow the guideline of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.

Chinese Secrets to Fatty Liver and Obesity Reversal
A fabulous E book with Research based & Scientifically proven Efficacy To Treat Fatty Liver Diseases & Achieve Optimal Health & Loose Weight
 
Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
 Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months  


Super foods Library, Eat Yourself Healthy With The Best of the Best Nature Has to Offer

Back to my Home page at http://thetruestoriesstories.blogspot.ca/


References
(1) Folate, vitamin B(6) , vitamin B(12) , methionine and alcohol intake in relation to ovarian cancer risk by Harris HR1, Cramer DW, Vitonis AF, DePari M, Terry KL.(PubMed)
(2) Nitrosylcobalamin promotes cell death via S nitrosylation of Apo2L/TRAIL receptor DR4 by Tang Z1, Bauer JA, Morrison B, Lindner DJ.(PubMed)
(3) [The efficacy of Shakuyaku-Kanzo-to for peripheral nerve dysfunction in paclitaxel combination chemotherapy for epithelial ovarian carcinoma].


[Article in Japanese by Fujii K1, Okamoto S, Saitoh K, Sasaki N, Takano M, Tanaka S, Kudoh K, Kita T, Tode T, Kikuchi Y.(PubMed)

Wednesday, April 16, 2014

Folate and Ovarian Cancer

 Posted by Chantel Martiromo 

Ovarian cancer is defined as a condition of  abnormal ovarian cells growth of ovaries.  It is one of most common cancer in US, according to the statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2010, an estimated 21,880 women in the United States will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and 13,850 deaths.
Folate, also known as folic acid, vitamin B9, is a water soluble vitamin, found abundantly in leafy vegetables, citrus fruits, beans, whole grain, etc. The vitamin plays an important role in synthesize DNA, repair DNA, and methylate DNA as well as to act as a cofactor in certain biological reactions, production of red blood cells for anemia prevention.

Epidemiological studies, focusing folate in reduced risk of ovarian cancer have been inconclusive.
Folate, a member of B vitamin plays an important role in DNA synthesis and methylation, may process an anti proliferative effect in ovarain cancer cell lines. The Australian Ovarian Cancer Study (1363 cases, 1414 controls) self-completed risk factor and food-frequency questionnaires, showed a little evidence to support the effect of folate in reduced risk of ovarian cancer(1) and  ovarian cancer survival(2). Other researchers suggested that no specific dietary factors are consistently associated with ovarian cancer risk, including folate(3), neither folate intake, MTHFR C677T polymorphism(4) nor one-carbon metabolism(5)
A prospective case-control study of the effect of Folic acid and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) against ovarian cancers in 215 ovarian cancer patients and 218 controls (all Chinese) between Jan. 2004 and Jan. 2007, indicated a result of a 2.43-fold increased risk of ovarian cancer among MTHFR 677TT carriers, and a decreased risk of ovarian cancer in individuals with high folate intake(6). Intravenous administration of composition of  FA-NP showed more potent in anti proliferation than NP against both SKOV3 cells and SKOV3/TAX cells, but at the same dose failed to induce apoptosis and inhibit tumor nodule number. Of these results, researchers suggested that the combined use of both FN-NP locally and targetly might prolong the survival time in patients with drug-resistant ovarian cancer(6). The Brigham and Women's Hospital study also supported the evidence of one-carbon metabolism related nutrients, especially vitamin B(7) and methionine inlowering ovarian cancer risk, with a 1910 women with ovarian cancer and 1989 controls from a case-control study conducted in eastern Massachusetts and New Hampshire from 1992 to 2008(8).

Taking all together, there are either enough evidences supported or unsupported  the effectiveness of folate in reduced risk of ovarian cancer. Further studies with large sample size and mutli centers studies are necessary to clarify the effect of folate in ovarian cancer risk. At the mean time as always, all articles written by Kyle J. Norton are for information & education only, please consult your Doctor & Related field specialist before applying

Chinese Secrets to Fatty Liver and Obesity Reversal
A fabulous E book with Research based & Scientifically proven Efficacy To Treat Fatty Liver Diseases & Achieve Optimal Health & Loose Weight
 
Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
 Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months  


Super foods Library, Eat Yourself Healthy With The Best of the Best Nature Has to Offer

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References
(1) Folate and related micronutrients, folate-metabolising genes and risk of ovarian cancer by Webb PM1, Ibiebele TI, Hughes MC, Beesley J, van der Pols JC, Chen X, Nagle CM, Bain CJ, Chenevix-Trench G; Australian Cancer Study (Ovarian Cancer); Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group.(PubMed)
(2) Dietary folate and related micronutrients, folate-metabolising genes, and ovarian cancer survival by Dixon SC1, Ibiebele TI2, Protani MM1, Beesley J2, Defazio A3, Crandon AJ4, Gard GB5, Rome RM6, Webb PM1, Nagle CM7; on behalf of the Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group.(PubMed)
(3) Dietary intake and ovarian cancer risk: a systematic review, by Crane TE1, Khulpateea BR, Alberts DS, Basen-Engquist K, Thomson CA.(PubMed)
(4) Folate intake and MTHFR polymorphism C677T is not associated with ovarian cancer risk: evidence from the meta-analysis by Li C1, Chen P, Hu P, Li M, Li X, Guo H, Li J, Chu R, Zhang W, Wang H.(PubMed)
(5) Relationship between dietary and supplemental intake of folate, methionine, vitamin B6 and folate receptor alpha expression in ovarian tumors by Kotsopoulos J1, Hecht JL, Marotti JD, Kelemen LE, Tworoger SS(PubMed)
(6) Folate intake and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene polymorphisms as predictive and prognostic biomarkers for ovarian cancer risk by Zhang L1, Liu W, Hao Q, Bao L, Wang K.(PubMed)
(7) Folic acid-coupled nano-paclitaxel liposome reverses drug resistance in SKOV3/TAX ovarian cancer cells by Tong L1, Chen W, Wu J, Li H.(PubMed)
(8) Folate, vitamin B(6) , vitamin B(12) , methionine and alcohol intake in relation to ovarian cancer risk by Harris HR1, Cramer DW, Vitonis AF, DePari M, Terry KL.(PubMed)

Tuesday, April 15, 2014

Vitamin B6 and Ovarian Cancer

 Posted by Chantel Martiromo 

Ovarian cancer is defined as a condition of  abnormal ovarian cells growth of ovaries.  It is one of most common cancer in US, according to the statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2010, an estimated 21,880 women in the United States will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and 13,850 deaths.

Epidemiological studies, linking vitamin B6 in reduced risk of ovarian cancer have been inconsistent. 
The study of the Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, indicated that intake of one-carbon metabolism related nutrients, especially vitamin B(6) and methionine, may lower ovarian cancer risk (1). In 80,254 Nurses' Health Study participants, during 22 years of follow-up (1980-2002), researchers found little evidence to support dietary folate, methionine, and vitamin B(6) in related ovarian cancer risk(2), But
in the study to compare the effectiveness of acupuncture plus vitamin B6 PC6 points injection of 142 patients, between March 1, 2006, and June 30, 2008 indicated that acupuncture plus vitamin B6 PC6 points injection relieved nausea and vomiting in patients with ovarian cancer, undergoing a highly emetogenic chemotherapy regimen(3). In a  total of 248 analyzable patients with Stages III-IV ovarian epithelial cancer (114 with and 134 without prior chemotherapy) conducted by the Albert Einstein Cancer Center, showed that although  administration of pyridoxine significantly reduced neurotoxicity, its adverse effect on response duration suggests that the agent should not be administered with  cisplatin (DDP) and hexamethylmelamine (HMM) regimens(4). In the assessed dietary intakes and factors associated with diet in women with family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer (FHBOC) study, suggest that women with FHBOC should be encouraged to meet dietary guidelines for cancer prevention, including intake of vitamin B6(5).

Taking altogether, vitamin B6 may be associated to reduced risk and treatment of ovarian cancer when it is used in conjunction with acupuncture, but further study with large sample and multi center studies are necessary to improve the validation. Over doses may induced the symptoms of difficulty coordinating movement, numbness, sensory changes, etc., please make sure you follow the guideline of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.

Chinese Secrets to Fatty Liver and Obesity Reversal
A fabulous E book with Research based & Scientifically proven Efficacy To Treat Fatty Liver Diseases & Achieve Optimal Health & Loose Weight
 
Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
 Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months  


Super foods Library, Eat Yourself Healthy With The Best of the Best Nature Has to Offer

Back to my Home page at http://thetruestoriesstories.blogspot.ca/


References
(a) Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition by Schulz M1, Lahmann PH, Boeing H, Hoffmann K, Allen N, Key TJ, Bingham S, Wirfält E, Berglund G, Lundin E, Hallmans G, Lukanova A, Martínez Garcia C, González CA, Tormo MJ, Quirós JR, Ardanaz E, Larrañaga N, Lund E, Gram IT, Skeie G, Peeters PH, van Gils CH, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Büchner FL, Pasanisi P, Galasso R, Palli D, Tumino R, Vineis P, Trichopoulou A, Kalapothaki V, Trichopoulos D, Chang-Claude J, Linseisen J, Boutron-Ruault MC, Touillaud M, Clavel-Chapelon F, Olsen A, Tjønneland A, Overvad K, Tetsche M, Jenab M, Norat T, Kaaks R, Riboli E.(PubMed)
(b) Fruits and vegetables and ovarian cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies by Koushik A1, Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D, Anderson KE, Arslan AA, Beeson WL, van den Brandt PA, Buring JE, Cerhan JR, Colditz GA, Fraser GE, Freudenheim JL, Genkinger JM, Goldbohm RA, Hankinson SE, Koenig KL, Larsson SC, Leitzmann M, McCullough ML, Miller AB, Patel A, Rohan TE, Schatzkin A, Smit E, Willett WC, Wolk A, Zhang SM, Smith-Warner SA(PubMed).
(c) Epidemiologic evidence of the protective effect of fruit and vegetables on cancer risk by Riboli E1, Norat T.(PubMed)
(d) Risk of ovarian carcinoma and consumption of vitamins A, C, and E and specific carotenoids: a prospective analysis by Fairfield KM1, Hankinson SE, Rosner BA, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Willett WC.(PubMed)
(1)Folate, vitamin B(6) , vitamin B(12) , methionine and alcohol intake in relation to ovarian cancer risk by Harris HR1, Cramer DW, Vitonis AF, DePari M, Terry KL.(PubMed)
(2) Intake of folate and related nutrients in relation to risk of epithelial ovarian cancer by Tworoger SS1, Hecht JL, Giovannucci E, Hankinson SE.(PubMed)

(3) Vitamin B6 points PC6 injection during acupuncture can relieve nausea and vomiting in patients with ovarian cancer by You Q1, Yu H, Wu D, Zhang Y, Zheng J, Peng C.(PubMed)
(4) Hexamethylmelamine and low or moderate dose cisplatin with or without pyridoxine for treatment of advanced ovarian carcinoma: a study of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group by Wiernik PH1, Yeap B, Vogl SE, Kaplan BH, Comis RL, Falkson G, Davis TE, Fazzini E, Cheuvart B, Horton J.(PubMed)
(5) Diet and predictors of dietary intakes in women with family history of breast and/or ovarian cancer by McEligot AJ1, Mouttapa M, Ziogas A, Anton-Culver H.(PubMed

Monday, April 14, 2014

Vitamin K and Ovarian Cancer

 Posted by Chantel Martiromo 

Ovarian cancer is defined as a condition of  abnormal ovarian cells growth of ovaries.  It is one of most common cancer in US, according to the statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2010, an estimated 21,880 women in the United States will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and 13,850 deaths.
Vitamin K(K1, phylloquinone; K2, menaquinones), is a fat soluble vitamin, found abundantly in leafy green vegetables, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts, etc. It is best known for promotion of coagulation and bone health.

Researchers at the Showa University indicated that vitamin K may process the anti wide array of human cancer cell lines properties through differentiation and apoptosis(1). DR. Shibayama-Imazu, the leader of the research team said that these inductions may be through interruption of the morphological changes and DNA fragmentation via the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (DeltaPsim caused by superoxide(1).  Vitamin K2 also induced apoptosis of human ovary cancer cells (TYK-nu cells), through the process of production of superoxide, induced oxidative stress in mitochondria might damage mitochondrial membranes(2). In PA-1 ovarian cancer cells, vitamin exhibited apoptosis through increased in the synthesis of TR3 and the accumulation of TR3 in mitochondria and in nuclei via a JNK signaling pathway(3). Against human ovarian carcinoma cell line (MDAH 2774), the composition of VC (ascorbic acid) and VK3 (menadione), inhibited cell proliferation through DNA degradation(4) and exposure to the composition also expressed the anti proliferation of cell death through autoschizis (43%), apoptosis (3%), and oncosis (1.9%)(5). In the comparison of the effect of vitamin K(2) (menaquinone 4) and  geranylgeraniol (GGO)inhuman cancer cell line, showed that GGO inhibited the growth of all eight cell lines derived from solid tumors, while vitamin K(2) selectively inhibited the proliferation and induced apoptosis in both ovarian cell lines(6). Study of the cytotoxic effect and mechanism of action of vitamins C (VC) and K3 (VK3) on ovarian carcinoma, indicated a positive effects of the composition in induced cell death  (displayed characteristics of both apoptosis and necrosis), through cycle arrest and degradation of chromosomal DNA(7).

Taking all together, vitamin VK2 and VK3 are found effectively in reduced risk and treatment of ovarian cancer through activation of cell death mechanism, via activation of RSO, cell cycle arrest,  and inhibition of cell proliferation via degradation of DNA. Large sample and multi centers studies to validate this effectiveness are necessary. Overdoses can induce symptoms of Skin rash,  Diarrhea, Nausea, Vomiting, Anemia, etc. Please make sure you follow the guideline of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies

Chinese Secrets to Fatty Liver and Obesity Reversal
A fabulous E book with Research based & Scientifically proven Efficacy To Treat Fatty Liver Diseases & Achieve Optimal Health & Loose Weight
 
Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
 Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months  


Super foods Library, Eat Yourself Healthy With The Best of the Best Nature Has to Offer

Back to my Home page at http://thetruestoriesstories.blogspot.ca/

 
References
(1) Vitamin K2-mediated apoptosis in cancer cells: role of mitochondrial transmembrane potential. by Shibayama-Imazu T1, Aiuchi T, Nakaya K. (PubMed)
(2) Production of superoxide and dissipation of mitochondrial transmembrane potential by vitamin K2 trigger apoptosis in human ovarian cancer TYK-nu cells by Shibayama-Imazu T1, Sonoda I, Sakairi S, Aiuchi T, Ann WW, Nakajo S, Itabe H, Nakaya K.(PubMed)
(3) Induction of apoptosis in PA-1 ovarian cancer cells by vitamin K2 is associated with an increase in the level of TR3/Nur77 and its accumulation in mitochondria and nuclei by Sibayama-Imazu T1, Fujisawa Y, Masuda Y, Aiuchi T, Nakajo S, Itabe H, Nakaya K.(PubMed)
(4) Autoschizis: a new form of cell death for human ovarian carcinoma cells following ascorbate:menadione treatment. Nuclear and DNA degradation by Gilloteaux J1, Jamison JM, Lorimer HE, Jarjoura D, Taper HS, Calderon PB, Neal DR, Summers JL.(PubMed)
(5) Microscopic aspects of autoschizic cell death in human ovarian carcinoma (2774) cells following vitamin C, vitamin K3 or vitamin C:K3 treatment by Gilloteaux J1, Jamison JM, Arnold D, Taper HS, Von Gruenigen VE, Summers JL.(PubMed)
(6) Vitamin K(2) selectively induced apoptosis in ovarian TYK-nu and pancreatic MIA PaCa-2 cells out of eight solid tumor cell lines through a mechanism different from geranylgeraniol by Shibayama-Imazu T1, Sakairi S, Watanabe A, Aiuchi T, Nakajo S, Nakaya K.(PubMed)
(7) The in vitro antitumor activity of vitamins C and K3 against ovarian carcinoma by von Gruenigen VE1, Jamison JM, Gilloteaux J, Lorimer HE, Summers M, Pollard RR, Gwin CA, Summers JL.(PubMed

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Vitamin E and Ovarian Cancer

Posted by Chantel Martiromo 

Ovarian cancer is defined as a condition of  abnormal ovarian cells growth of ovaries.  It is one of most common cancer in US, according to the statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2010, an estimated 21,880 women in the United States will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and 13,850 deaths.

 Vitamin E,  a fat soluble vitamin, consisting eight different variants (alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocopherol and alpha-, beta-, gamma-, and delta-tocotrienol) with varying levels of biological activity(2), found abundantly in corn oil, soybean oil, margarine, wheat germ oil, sunflower,safflower oils, etc. plays an important role in neurological functions and inhibition of platelet aggregation, regulation of enzymatic activity, free radical scavenger, etc.

Epidemiological studies, linking serum of vitamin E in the risk of ovarian cancer have produced inconsistent results.  Serum levels of vitamin are not associated to ovarian cancer risk, according to Tampere University Central Hospital and (1) but the study by Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health, indicated that the higher serum alpha-tocopherol levels are associated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer but diminished after adjustment for cholesterol(2). Other study suggested that lower alpha-tocopherol concentrations may be associated with the toxicity of  chemotherapy(3).

Alpha-TEA , a novel vitamin E analogue found to induce apoptosis a wide variety of epithelial cancer cell types, including breast, prostate, lung, colon, ovarian, cervical, and endometrial in cell culture and inhibit tumor burden and metastasis in a syngeneic mouse mammary tumor model,(4). Other study suggested that vitamin E derivative, vitamin E succinate (VES; RRR-alpha-tocopheryl succinate), and a vitamin E analogue alpha-TEA can induce A2780 and subline A2780/cp70 ovarian cancer cells to undergo DNA synthesis arrest within 24 h of treatment, excluding normal human mammary epithelial cells(5). In SK-OV-3 human ovarian adenocarcinoma along with its multi-drug resistant version SK-OV-3-paclitaxel-resistant (TR) cells, combination treatment of vitamin E co-loaded with curcumin and paclitaxel(a mitotic inhibitor) exhibited  a three-fold tumor inhibition with each of these cell lines(6). According to the University of Strathclyde, intravenous administration tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF), showed to exhibit tumor regression and improved animal survival in a murine xenograft model(7). In MDAH2774 human ovarian cancer cells combined treatment of Adenovirus-mediated mda-7 (Ad-mda7) plus VES inhibited tumor progression through activation of two apoptotic extrinsic and intrinsic pathways (specifically Fas expression and cleavage of Bid and caspase-8 and disruption of mitochondrial in activation of downstream capase-9 and caspase-3 via cytochrome C releasE) but not the normal fibroblasts(8). and treatment with Ad-mda7-mediated alone induced apoptosis of  human ovarian cancer cells via activation of the Fas-FasL signaling pathway(9).

Taking altogether,  vitamin E succinate and analogue may be effective in reduced risk and treatment of ovarian cancer. Large sample size and multi center studies to validate the claims are necessary. Over doses of vitamin E supplement can cause symptoms of blurred vision, weakness, dizziness, nausea, diarrhea, etc., please make sure you follow the guideline of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.

Chinese Secrets to Fatty Liver and Obesity Reversal
A fabulous E book with Research based & Scientifically proven Efficacy To Treat Fatty Liver Diseases & Achieve Optimal Health & Loose Weight
 
Ovarian Cysts And PCOS Elimination
 Holistic System In Existence That Will Show You How To
Permanently Eliminate All Types of Ovarian Cysts Within 2 Months  


Super foods Library, Eat Yourself Healthy With The Best of the Best Nature Has to Offer

Back to my Home page at http://thetruestoriesstories.blogspot.ca/


 

References
(a) Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition by Schulz M1, Lahmann PH, Boeing H, Hoffmann K, Allen N, Key TJ, Bingham S, Wirfält E, Berglund G, Lundin E, Hallmans G, Lukanova A, Martínez Garcia C, González CA, Tormo MJ, Quirós JR, Ardanaz E, Larrañaga N, Lund E, Gram IT, Skeie G, Peeters PH, van Gils CH, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Büchner FL, Pasanisi P, Galasso R, Palli D, Tumino R, Vineis P, Trichopoulou A, Kalapothaki V, Trichopoulos D, Chang-Claude J, Linseisen J, Boutron-Ruault MC, Touillaud M, Clavel-Chapelon F, Olsen A, Tjønneland A, Overvad K, Tetsche M, Jenab M, Norat T, Kaaks R, Riboli E.(PubMed)
(b) Fruits and vegetables and ovarian cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies by Koushik A1, Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D, Anderson KE, Arslan AA, Beeson WL, van den Brandt PA, Buring JE, Cerhan JR, Colditz GA, Fraser GE, Freudenheim JL, Genkinger JM, Goldbohm RA, Hankinson SE, Koenig KL, Larsson SC, Leitzmann M, McCullough ML, Miller AB, Patel A, Rohan TE, Schatzkin A, Smit E, Willett WC, Wolk A, Zhang SM, Smith-Warner SA(PubMed).
(c) Epidemiologic evidence of the protective effect of fruit and vegetables on cancer risk by Riboli E1, Norat T.(PubMed)
(d) Risk of ovarian carcinoma and consumption of vitamins A, C, and E and specific carotenoids: a prospective analysis by Fairfield KM1, Hankinson SE, Rosner BA, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Willett WC.(PubMed)
(1) Serum vitamins A and E and carotene in patients with gynecologic cancer by Heinonen PK1, Kuoppala T, Koskinen T, Punnonen R.(PubMed)
(2) Prospective study of serum micronutrients and ovarian cancer by Helzlsouer KJ1, Alberg AJ, Norkus EP, Morris JS, Hoffman SC, Comstock GW.(PubMed)
(3) Serum alpha-tocopherol, retinol and neopterin during paclitaxel/carboplatin chemotherapy by Melichar B1, Kalábová H, Krcmová L, Urbánek L, Hyspler R, Malírova E, Solichová D.(PubMed)
(4) Vitamin E and breast cancer by Kline K1, Yu W, Sanders BG.(PubMed)
(5) Differential response of human ovarian cancer cells to induction of apoptosis by vitamin E Succinate and vitamin E analogue, alpha-TEA by Anderson K1, Simmons-Menchaca M, Lawson KA, Atkinson J, Sanders BG, Kline K.(PubMed)
(6) Polyethylene glycol-phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE)/vitamin E micelles for co-delivery of paclitaxel and curcumin to overcome multi-drug resistance in ovarian cancer by Abouzeid AH1, Patel NR1, Torchilin VP2(PubMed)
(7) Tumor regression after systemic administration of tocotrienol entrapped in tumor-targeted vesicles by Fu JY1, Blatchford DR, Tetley L, Dufès C.(PubMed)
(8) Vitamin E succinate in combination with mda-7 results in enhanced human ovarian tumor cell killing through modulation of extrinsic and intrinsic apoptotic pathways by Shanker M1, Gopalan B, Patel S, Bocangel D, Chada S, Ramesh R.(PubMed)
(9) Activation of the Fas-FasL signaling pathway by MDA-7/IL-24 kills human ovarian cancer cells by Gopalan B1, Litvak A, Sharma S, Mhashilkar AM, Chada S, Ramesh R.(PubMed

Saturday, April 12, 2014

Vitamin D and Ovarian Cancer

Posted by Chantel Martiromo

Ovarian cancer is defined as a condition of  abnormal ovarian cells growth of ovaries.  It is one of most common cancer in US, according to the statistics adapted from the American Cancer Society's publication, Cancer Facts & Figures 2010, an estimated 21,880 women in the United States will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and 13,850 deaths.
Vitamin D is a fat-soluble secosteroids found in small amount in few foods, including salmon, mackerel, sardines and tuna. The vitamin plays an important role in modulation of cellular proliferation, apoptosis induction, tumor growth suppression and promotion in absorption of minerals, including calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphate and zinc.

1. Serum of vitamin D and genes mutation
Suggestion of epidemiological studies, linking people who live in higher attitude or carry vitamin D receptor VDR rs2228570 and ApaI polymorphism are associated to the incidence of ovarian cancer and related motility rate(1)(2)(3)(4). These may be due to vitamin D deficiency and genes mutation. According to Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, [1.25(OH)2D3, the active form of vitamin D showed to inhibit cancer cell growth, induced cancer cell maturation, apoptosis, and decreased angiogenesis. People with lower levels of  serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D) are associated to risk of ovarian cancer development(6)(7), lower overall survival rate and severe deficiency in more aggressive course of ovarian cancer(5). But the Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, in association between circulating 25(OH)D and ovarian cancer risk, in logistic regression models used to estimate odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals among 516 cases and 770 matched controls, do not support an overall association between circulating 25(OH)D and ovarian cancer risk, except possibly among overweight women(8).

The efficacy
Epidemiological studies focusing in vitamin D in reduced risk of ovarian cancer have been inclusive. The study of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, in a total of 1,225 incident epithelial ovarian cancer cases (NHS: 970, NHSII: 255) over 4,628,648 person-years of follow-up, indicated no evidence to support intake of vitamin D from food or supplements or predicted 25(OH)D levels are associated to risk of ovarian cancer(9) neither Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(10), nor vitamin D supplementation(11).  But according to Dr. Holick MF., Improved vitamin D status is associated to decreased risk for developing several deadly cancers including colon, breast, pancreatic and ovarian cancers(12) and Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika w Toruniu, Vitamin D3 supplementation in moderate doses, many be benefits in decreased risk of developing cancer, including ovarian cancer(13). Some researchers suggested that 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 suppressed telomerase (a an essential enzyme that counteracts the telomere attrition accompanying DNA replication during cell division) expression and decreased in malignant human ovarian tumors as well as human ovarian cancer cell lines through microRNA(short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs.)-498(14)(15). In ovarian epithelial cancers (OCa), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2) VD)(3) induced OCa cell apoptosis through down-regulating telomerase(16). Adding to above findings, The study by University of Hawaii Cancer Center suggested that lifetime vitamin D exposure may be inversely associated with risk of ovarian carcinoma(17).

Taking altogether, serum levels of vitamin D and vitamin D may be associated to reduced risk and treatment of  ovarian cancer, through regulation of genes and suppression telomerase expression. Over doses of vitamin D supplement may cause excessive calcium absorption, calcification, Urinary stones etc. please make sure to follow the guideline of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies.

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References
(a) Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition by Schulz M1, Lahmann PH, Boeing H, Hoffmann K, Allen N, Key TJ, Bingham S, Wirfält E, Berglund G, Lundin E, Hallmans G, Lukanova A, Martínez Garcia C, González CA, Tormo MJ, Quirós JR, Ardanaz E, Larrañaga N, Lund E, Gram IT, Skeie G, Peeters PH, van Gils CH, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Büchner FL, Pasanisi P, Galasso R, Palli D, Tumino R, Vineis P, Trichopoulou A, Kalapothaki V, Trichopoulos D, Chang-Claude J, Linseisen J, Boutron-Ruault MC, Touillaud M, Clavel-Chapelon F, Olsen A, Tjønneland A, Overvad K, Tetsche M, Jenab M, Norat T, Kaaks R, Riboli E.(PubMed)
(b) Fruits and vegetables and ovarian cancer risk in a pooled analysis of 12 cohort studies by Koushik A1, Hunter DJ, Spiegelman D, Anderson KE, Arslan AA, Beeson WL, van den Brandt PA, Buring JE, Cerhan JR, Colditz GA, Fraser GE, Freudenheim JL, Genkinger JM, Goldbohm RA, Hankinson SE, Koenig KL, Larsson SC, Leitzmann M, McCullough ML, Miller AB, Patel A, Rohan TE, Schatzkin A, Smit E, Willett WC, Wolk A, Zhang SM, Smith-Warner SA(PubMed).
(c) Epidemiologic evidence of the protective effect of fruit and vegetables on cancer risk by Riboli E1, Norat T.(PubMed)
(d) Risk of ovarian carcinoma and consumption of vitamins A, C, and E and specific carotenoids: a prospective analysis by Fairfield KM1, Hankinson SE, Rosner BA, Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Willett WC.(PubMed)
(1) Vitamin D receptor is a novel drug target for ovarian cancer treatment by Zhang X1, Nicosia SV, Bai W.(PubMed)
(2) Systematic review and meta-analysis on vitamin D receptor polymorphisms and cancer risk by Xu Y1, He B, Pan Y, Deng Q, Sun H, Li R, Gao T, Song G, Wang S.(PubMed)
(3) Vitamin D receptor rs2228570 polymorphism and invasive ovarian carcinoma risk: pooled analysis in five studies within the Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium by Lurie G1, Wilkens LR, Thompson PJ, Carney ME, Palmieri RT, Pharoah PD, Song H, Hogdall E, Kjaer SK, DiCioccio RA, McGuire V, Whittemore AS, Gayther SA, Gentry-Maharaj A, Menon U, Ramus SJ, Goodman MT; Ovarian Cancer Association Consortium.(PubMed)
(4) Vitamin D receptor FokI, BsmI, ApaI, and TaqI polymorphisms and susceptibility to ovarian cancer: a meta-analysis by Song GG1, Lee YH.(PubMed)
(5) [The role of vitamin D in the carcinogenesis of breast and ovarian cancer].


[Article in Polish by Walentowicz-Sadłecka M1, Sadłecki P, Walentowicz P, Grabiec M.(PubMed)
(6) Casting light on 25-hydroxyvitamin D deficiency in ovarian cancer: a study from the NHANES by Bakhru A1, Mallinger JB, Buckanovich RJ, Griggs JJ.(PubMed)
(7) Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and the risk of ovarian cancer by Toriola AT1, Surcel HM, Agborsangaya C, Grankvist K, Tuohimaa P, Toniolo P, Lukanova A, Pukkala E, Lehtinen M.(PubMed)

(8) Circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D and risk of epithelial ovarian cancer: Cohort Consortium Vitamin D Pooling Project of Rarer Cancers by Zheng W1, Danforth KN, Tworoger SS, Goodman MT, Arslan AA, Patel AV, McCullough ML, Weinstein SJ, Kolonel LN, Purdue MP, Shu XO, Snyder K, Steplowski E, Visvanathan K, Yu K, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Gao YT, Hankinson SE, Harvey C, Hayes RB, Henderson BE, Horst RL, Helzlsouer KJ.(PubMed)
(9) Surrogates of long-term vitamin d exposure and ovarian cancer risk in two prospective cohort studies by Prescott J1, Bertrand KA, Poole EM, Rosner BA, Tworoger SS.(PubMed)
(10) Plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D and risk of incident ovarian cancer by Tworoger SS1, Lee IM, Buring JE, Rosner B, Hollis BW, Hankinson SE.(PubMed)
(11) The association of vitamin D supplementation with the risk of cancer in postmenopausal women by Redaniel MT1, Gardner MP, Martin RM, Jeffreys M.(PubMed)
(12) Vitamin D, sunlight and cancer connection by Holick MF.(PubMed)
(13) [The role of vitamin D in the carcinogenesis of breast and ovarian cancer].
[Article in Polish] by Walentowicz-Sadłecka M1, Sadłecki P, Walentowicz P, Grabiec M.(PubMed)
(14) MIR498 microRNA 498 [ Homo sapiens (human) ](PubMed)
(15) 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 suppresses telomerase expression and human cancer growth through microRNA-498 by Kasiappan R1, Shen Z, Tse AK, Jinwal U, Tang J, Lungchukiet P, Sun Y, Kruk P, Nicosia SV, Zhang X, Bai W.(PubMed
(16) Induction of ovarian cancer cell apoptosis by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 through the down-regulation of telomerase by Jiang F1, Bao J, Li P, Nicosia SV, Bai W.(PubMed
(17) Cataract and ovarian carcinoma: is the vitamin D hypothesis alive? by Lurie G1, Matsuno RK, Wilkens LR, Thompson PJ, Ollberding NJ, Carney ME, Goodman MT.(PubMed)